A fire code is a standard established and enforced by government for fire prevention and safety. The Fire Code is a model code adopted into law by the jurisdiction and enforced by municipal fire prevention officers. It prescribes minimal requirements relating to fire prevention; explosion...
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A fire code is a standard established and enforced by government for fire prevention and safety.
The Fire Code is a model code adopted into law by the jurisdiction and enforced by municipal fire prevention officers. It prescribes minimal requirements relating to fire prevention; explosion hazards arising from storage, handling, or use of dangerous materials or from other specific hazardous conditions.
The fire code works in tandem with the jurisdiction's building codes. Fire code provisions will reference related building codes. This is true as building codes include the necessary construction requirements to enable fire suppression, fire detection, and rapid evacuation in the event of fire.
Although fire and building codes will address similar issues, the primary goal of fire codes is preventing fires, including concerns relating to the exterior portions of the building.
The Fire Code also addresses: necessary training regarding egress drills, the maintenance and use of fire suppression equipment, and regular inspections of fire protection systems.
Another goal of the Fire Code is to make sure that the initial level of fire protection, originally designed for the building, is not compromised.
There is a tight relationship between fire and building codes.
A building code is a set of rules that specify the minimum acceptable level of safety relating to the construction of buildings or non-building structures.
The main purpose of the building codes is to protect public health, safety and general welfare as they relate to the construction and occupancy of buildings and structures.
Building codes are initially applied by architects, but continually used for various purposes by safety inspectors, environmental specialists, contractors and subcontractors, facility managers, tenants and others.
Building codes generally cover structural safety, fire safety, health requirements, environmental concerns relating to energy conservation and recycling, noise and air pollution and accessibility.
Building codes consist of: specifications, installation methodologies, specification relating to room and exit sizes and location and qualification of individuals doing the work.
Some countries develop their own building codes and then enforce those codes across the country by the central government. When a country has in place a unified set of building codes, this is known as a national building code.
Model Building Codes
In other countries, the construction and safety is regulated by local authorities. A system of model building codes is used.
Model building codes have no legal status unless adopted or adapted by an authority having jurisdiction. The developers of model codes urge public authorities to reference model codes in their laws, ordinances, regulations, and administrative orders. When referenced in any of these legal instruments, a particular model code becomes law. This practice is known as adoption by reference. When an adopting authority decides to delete, add, or revise any portions of the model code being adopted, it is usually required by the model code developer to follow a formal adoption procedure in which those modifications can be documented for legal purposes.
A model building code is a building code that is developed and maintained by a standards organization independent of the jurisdiction responsible for enacting the building code.
Model building codes are applied where the regulation of construction is the responsibility of local authorities. This is the case throughout most jurisdictions in the United States .
The value of model building codes is that they can be applied to the conditions of the locale and relieve the community of the prohibitively expensive task of developing a unique set of building codes.
Most modern regulations are complex, and their development and maintenance overwhelm the technical and financial abilities of most jurisdictions. For that reason it is reasonable that local authorities choose to use model building codes.